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Snake War

The people of the United States have warred a lot.

(Who were the snakes in this case?)

They seem easily lead to it. During their Civil War(1861 to 1865)they found time and resources to drive a lot of Indians from ancestral lands. At the end of that civil war they began to "pacify" Indians from the Mississippi river to the Pacific coast, in earnest.

By 1850 powerful and influential men from around the world became interested in the American West. We might blame that on the 49er's gold fever. The name California became a sort of magnet which drew men from east of the Mississippi to the Pacific coast. That same magnet drew men around the horn and the Straights of Magellan; Some even crossed the Pacific ocean from the Far East. That magnet drew men and their capital all during the Civil War and drew more strongly after that war of Americas killing Americans.

In 1864 the Snake War began and then continued until 1868. There were other U.S. wars during this same time. There were Texas-Indian Wars, a Colorado war, Apache wars, California Indian Wars, and a Cheyenne Campaign! Americans and new immigrants to America were making "good Indians. Some were sure that a "good Indian" was a "dead Indian." Indians were to put their heads down in a dirty corner of what had been their America the Beautiful, or die.

Historians have called the Snake War an irregular war which Americans fought against the Northern Paiute, Bannock, and Western Shoshone. Some of that fighting was along the Snake River. So, were the snakes in this case Indians or not? This War took place in what became the states of Oregon, Nevada, California, and Idaho. Most agree that the U.S. won.

The war began when many small bands of tribes, including the ones I have mentioned above, were disturbed by the activities, of newcomers of mining interests and of new road building interests, across lands from which they were accustomed to take their substance. Significant numbers of these Indians were made "good." Some were able to make a few interlopers "good" too.

Powerful and influential persons were interested in these western lands. Wealthy people in California and on the U.S. East Coast and elsewhere were interested in lead, copper, silver, and gold; They were interested in the prime lands of the Far West. They were interested in the resources between the Mississippi River and the Pacific Ocean. A few saw the Pacific Ocean as a new road to riches.

There were those who had resources to apply pressure where needed to see that the natives of the land did not hinder their plans. California interests brought pressure to bear on, among others, general George Wright, commander of the Department of the Pacific, to provide better protection for those building the new roads from Red Bluff and Chic to Silver City and Boise. "Do something about those Indians," they were demanding. It would take a book to cover half the powerful pressures brought to clear the way to wealth for wealth. The pressures had much to do with capital, power, and the growing craft of public relations, the selling of ideas to move the public.

In "The States" growing pressures were being felt by men in positions to act, by men with the power to manipulate those pressures. Pressures acted on Congress, large contractors, railroad men, world wide mining interests, capitalists from the East Coast, the West Coast, and around the world. There were high hopes and a great deal of pushing and shoving. The people felt it.

The war consisted mostly in hunting Indians. Volunteers hunted Indians, interested citizens hunted Indians, immigrants hunted Indians, and the Army hunted Indians. Some said that the Indians were "in the way of destiny."


by Richard Sheehan

for Mago Bill III








We Have Had A Lot of Them

We, citizens of the USA have had no wars from 1935 to1940, and 1897 was another year free of major war. I can find no other year that the US was not fought a war since 1776. (2020-1776=244) In our union of 244 years only six of those years- have been free of war! Recently we are warring more than ever. Someone must like it.

From 1899 to 1934 we had mostly just Banana Wars. Some people of our tiny neighboring countries of Central America my object to my word "just" here. We stepped on their labor movement hard. Those "Banana Wars" were among the most traumatic happenings in the entire history of those people until very recent actions in those little Central America Republics. They find it difficult to laugh about what we have called our Good Neighbor Policy.

When taking a closer look a historic happenings near the US it looks like we have hated the people of Haiti the most for the longest time. That we have invaded Mexico 13 times since 1875 makes it look like we love Mexicans in comparison to our treatment of the people of Haiti.

I have not posted much about our wars (aggression) on Mago Bill III, because look at the record makes me feel bad. However, now intend to write more about the doings in our name which sicken me in hopes that it may help to stop those doings.

You may add Your information or thoughts about what "we" have been doing for so long in the comment section below this post. A nice window may be found for your comments by clicking on the tiny word "comments" there. Sometimes it has said "no comments" or "comments 0."

There are doings that may peek ones interest even about doings whioch our killing one another. For example: There is part of our Civil War which took place in Gibraltar. How did that happen? and what part did Mysore play in that same war; why Sweden was our ally in the First Barbary War; and about the German Coast Uprising in our Teritory of Orleans; and why the US has invaded Canada; and like that.

I do intend to write some more about our wars.

We Wanted a Republican Government

I once thought we wanted a republican government which tended toward democracy. Now I see that is not true.

"We" have given up the republic without a fight and have ignored democracy. It seems "we" have little agreement on the nature of republicanism or on the nature of democracy.


Please, show me that I am mistaken.


Living Life

One who lives in the present, in the here and now, and who is becoming more aware of the world as it is may be called sane.


Today is the very life of life. In this brief span are all the truths and realities of ones life. The bliss of growth is only today. The glory is of action is only today. The splendor is today.


Perhaps not always so, but seem worth a thought.

Republican Government

I have tended to think of a republican government as having two parts. The first part being the most important. It is a no,no. "No hereditary rights." And that includes economic rights.

The Second part is "Power to the people." That's with a strong implication that the power be of a democratic nature. This second part seems important too, doesn't it?


Comment below.

There are those interested in questions like these. Where are you? A bit weird, but could at times come to be important:
~ How does the federal government guarantee each state a republican form of government?
~ Isn't a guarantee a form of contract?
~ A contract is a agreement between persons, is it not?
~Just what is a republican form of government?
Answer in writing if you want to. I think there is a "comment'" window below.

A Look at Our Constitution

I am looking at it.I am looking at our constitution. I say "our" constitution because it is the U.S. Constitution and I am a U.S. citizen. The first feeling I have is that of feeling overwhelmed, nearly overwhelmed with questions. Those questions seem to be marching at me in wide columns and doing so at speed. I may be able to check a few of them carefully and then to find answers to a few of those. In time I hope you may help to find answers to a few. I am directing these words mostly to my fellow citizens, but also to all who may be interested in governance by the people.

It is not difficult to get a copy of this constitution online. One can also have it translated online to a language you can read. The translation are not always great.

I think that I have heard this constitution called the shortest, most elegantly written, and the oldest one still in use. It is battered, but still here.

Within this post I will share many of my questions. I am attempting to test anyone with them. I will be pleased to get answers to them or comments on. They have stirred some thought on my part. I hope that you can find some value in them.

I have though of our constitution as a telling of the way we have agreed to organize. I pretty much think of it that way right now. I have thought that our power as a people has rested less in magic or luck and more in our very agreement.

As this post/essay is intended to be mostly about a constitution, I offer a definition of "constitution:" A constitution may be said to be a body of fundamental principles and/or established precedents by which a state or organization may be acknowledged to be governed. I have a fair understanding of this definition. I have been helped to my understanding by considering the following the following questions:

~ How do you understand the word "body."

~ What are "fundamental principles?"

~ What are 'established precedents?" examples?

~ What does "state" in the definition above mean?

~ What does it mean "to be governed?"

~ How do you use your constitution?



I Begins With What Is Called the "Preamble"

You may find it an informal report.

The first phrase in the U.S. Constitution is, "We the people of the United States," So, we kind of know where we are. We have a place to start. We know who we are talking about. We have a question answered. More questions coming up:

~ How are states united?

~Who are "the people" of the United States?

~ What is the use of a constitution?

~ How do we use our constitution?

~ How is a constitution maintained?

~ How are we to maintain our agreement on the constituent parts of our constitution?

I hope that we can consider some of these questions more later in this post or in a future post.

I have questions about "our," "we," and "us' which may be appropriate, but will put them off until later. I remember a college friend of mine. Often, when I used "us," "we," or "our" in a conversation with him, he would ask, "Do you have a mouse in your pocket?

I am not sure how I will work my way through this review of the Constitution. I may begin with the Bill of Rights rather than with the Preamble or Article I. I don't like the use of Preamble here; I believe Purpose or Purposes would be better. I tend to ramble a bit, but most often get back to the topic. Now questions keep filling my awareness:

~ Our written constitution is still our contract with one another, right?

~ Who are we?

~ Are we those who are united by our agreement on our constitution and perhaps by some common experience?

~ Are we those who love democratic principles.

~ What do you think about our covenant, the Constitution?

~ Why did we not want any hereditary rights


I do not know who I am talking to here. I do know that I'd rather it be "with" rather than "to. Your questions, answers, and comments in the "comment" section just below this post would help. The might begin to make this an important dialogue rather than a monologue.

Questions  are coming again. I hope they will calm down to a couple of questions a post. Here are the present questions:

~ How is a constitution used? How best used?

~ What is it that we agree on?

~ How do we keep our agreement firm?



Well, here I am at the Preamble. I would rather call it the Statement of Purpose. This statement of purpose includes capitalized words which I believe deserve consideration. they deserve to be talked about, discussed with, dialogued into and more. Here they are in order presented:




Common Defense



These words are the heart of the framers expression of specific benefits they intended to get for themselves and their posterity. We may have thoughts and questions related to each of these words. Let's think of how to deal with them in future posts.

The only "word" on this list which consists of two words is Common Defense. It sticks out so my questions begin:

~ When did we decide to become an empire?

~ How we decide to become an empire?

~ Why did we decide to become an empire?

~ Whose responsibility is it to decide?

~ How does the Preamble to the Constitution begin?

~ How do we intend to stay a we?


Your questions will very often differ from mine? Mine differ greatly in different contexts. I would very much like to have your questions in this constitutional contexts. Right now I have questions like these:

~ How had we best select an enemy? a friend?

~ How inclusive are we?

~ What does our common defense consist of?

~ Can our friends be part of us?

~ How do we intend to stay a we?


I have been very slow at getting into the flow of writing this post. Just got back from a bite to eat. I find myself at what I call the purpose of the Constitution.


I find myself looking a "union" and think of unity, unite, togetherness and more. We still say we want a more perfect union. Sounds powerful. Sounds good to me. Then I think. Who are we now? Also I remember how we smashed and neglected our unions. I also remember how we once united in more clubs and other organizations than we do now. Organization? Doesn't union call for organization? I am seeing little participation in national or state dialogue these days. I am told that it is seldom heard in a beer garden, tavern, or coffee shop these days. So what do we mean about forming a more perfect union now? If we are no longer interested in forming union, should we no amend our covenant, contract, Constitution? If we are interested in forming a perfect should we not make a clearer statement of intent? How we to understand one another?  Citizens of America, I once thought of me with you as the "we" I have spoken of. Who are we now?


Do we have all the justice we want? What justice do we lack? What justice do we want? Who is the "we" which will organize to get and keep the justice we lack? How are we establishing justice among us? What have we already said about justice in our Constitution and its Amendments? Have we no more to say about justice? Where does justice come from? I believe it comes from our organization and action, from our union and intelligence.

Might we not be better supported by a better Supreme Court. Might we be a bit better off with a few more justices. Maybe.

Might we be better off by being a better we? How is a we formed?


I need an editor who is free to edit for free.

I feel I am getting better organized here, but that organization may not show itself much at first. We have had some introduction to the Preamble. And in the Constitution we come next to Article One and Section One. Important things are often put first. Section one of Article one Speaks of legislative powers. Legislation speaks to what we intend and how we intend to do about it.

Some thought that the legislative powers were important enough to put first. It seems that some still think so. Congress forms the legislative branch of government. The best among us have said that it is the most powerful seat of we the people. It is where we have the power and responsibility of putting our representatives. There are those who will have questions about these statements. I will reserve mine for later.

I do not choose to begin here, but rather with and review of all of the Bill of Rights.

Remember when you comment, please be kind.

The Bill of Rights

I have learned to call the Bill of Rights the first ten Amendments. The Bill of Rights and have been important to the Founding Fathers and others from the very beginning. If it were not for these ten Amendments we might not even have the Constitution. Many of the former signers refused to sign unless the Bill of Rights be included in the final document.

It might be helpful to print out a copy of the Bill and the whole Constitution from the internet. I am not copying it here. I may be paraphrasing, but mostly I am commenting.


First Amendment Comments

We the people agree to defend among us the establishment of religions and the free practice of them. We are not talking about state religions here. I do take that practice to be nearly complete in church, temple, mosque, home, and elsewhere to the extent it does no  'major' harm to others.

We agree to establish no particular religions nor any religions among us.

Sorry. I intend to continue a review of the Bill of Rights. There is a lot to talk over. Just now I have been trying to edit some of that which I have written about the Preamble and have tired myself out. There is a great deal to learn from the Preamble too. I was thinking that I need an editor. I could also use a web master, but free help is not easy to come by.

I plan to be back and reviewing the Bill of Rights. However, I have been thinking that It might be good to go over the Declaration of Independence soon. Then there is some of T. Pain's work.

Bye......for now.















Little "d" democrat

In the distant past there were democrats. There were democrats in the recent past. There are some democrats now. A democrat might b thought of as a person who believes in people's ability to learn and do. I no little of what democrats are doing at the moment. I do have a sharp memory of that which some democrats have done in my lifetime.

Democrats have tended to promote certain doings Some of those doings have tended to b definitive of their beliefs.

Democrats have promoted:                                                                ~ enhancement of and protection of democracy among us.                    

~ the study of legislation affecting democracy.                                                       

~ vigorous, ongoing education about the use and doing of democracy.           

~ improved communication among political parties and within them.             

~ development of widespread leadership, rather than of "super" leaders.       

~ enhanced education for participation in governance.                    ~ cooperative self-governance.                                                         ~ willingness to thoughtfully and promptly change a bad law for a better one.                                                                                         ~ strong respect for our laws.                                                                                     

~ Inclusivity and diversity in public life.                                                                   

~ cooperation within and among groups.                                                               

~ knowledge of the history of democracy, including it's limitations and advantages.                                                                                                                   

~ our Constitution and it's Bill of rights.                                                                 

~ loving care for each and every child.                                                                     

~ respect and honor for the individual, the family, and the neighborhood.   

~ more nearly equal opportunity for access to healthcare for each person and family.                                                                                                                     

~ strong support for public health.                                                                           

~ respect for and support of the positions of minorities.                                     

~ wide, ongoing educational opportunities for all.


Some of the above could suggest planks for the platform of a party or candidate.


by Richard Sheehan

for Mago Bill   




American citizens have the power for the establishing of a morally better world, beginning in the U.S. So,what?

What has the Department of Labor done for U.S. citizens lately? What have U.S. citizens told it to do recently?

Some called it the Great Depression because the morning news was that a thirteen year old boy had hanged himself that night because he felt ashamed to eat his families food.