5000 BC: Fomorians in Ireland. (sea people
~ to 3000 BC: Decline of North American population (Fagan).
~ After this date Sumerians were making their mark in the Fertile Crescent and greatly affecting the Akkadians and Egyptians.
~ Irrigation farming began in the Fertile Crescent prior to this date.
4500 BC: to 4000 BC: Warming climate episode in North America.
~ Upper Egypt (predynastic) began as a Copper Age state which came to an end about 3200 BC.
~ this date also marks the Mid-Archaic Period in North America. Kame grave users north of the Ohio River of North America were transitioning to man-made burial mounds. They were also traveling the waters in dugout and birch-bark canoes, and making beads of native copper.
4200 BC: marks what has been called the mid-point of the North American Mid-Atlantic Period. ~ to 4000 BC: Susa began as a Copper Age state then ended in 2330 BC.
4000 to 2000 BC: Fir Blog (Invernic?) in Ireland. Some documentary evidence.
~ to 2800 BC: Watson Brake people in the Mississippi drainage area of US.
~ 2400 BC: Cessair, a daughter of Noah's son Banba, arrived at Bantry Bay, in what is now Co. Cork, Ireland. It was 40 days before a great flood, it has been said. ~ to about 1000 BC: Middle Woodland culture extent in North America.
2350 BC to 670 AD: Nemedians were arriving in Ireland. They were considered holy and privileged.
2200 to 700 BC: Poverty Point people near Epes, N.A. Imports from what is now Tennessee and Georgia were found at the site. Also imports from lower Mississippi and along the Gulf Coast were found. About 1500 possible trading sites found.
~ to 1800 BC: called the Archaic mound-building period in the US. Evidence of having begun on the lower Mississippi in what is now Carroll and Monroe parishes of what is now the state of Louisiana.
2150 BC: New people came to Ireland. From what is now Belgium? Fir Bolg?
2000 to 1700 BC: Milesians in Ireland; historic evidence available. ~ to 1650 BC: Middle Hellenic period. Slower development.; use of Megaron type dwellings. Was this culture called Dananns by Homer and Danaya by Egyptians? ~ 1450 BC: The Minoan culture based on Crete flourished greatly. They had and extensive seagoing trading network. The city of Knossos had a peak population of about 100,000 persons. ~ to 1000 BC: has been called the Archaic Period in North America. the Old Copper Complex of the Great Lakes in North America is dated to this time.
1400 BC to 800 BC: During this time a kind of "dark age" fell over much of Europe until the advent of pre-Classical Greece and Phoenicia.
~ During these same years a sort of Gold and Bronze Age began in central and northern Europe.
~ was also a period when there was a movement southwest into the eastern Mediterranean of people of a "horse culture." These movers may have be Iranian cousins. This movement might have contributed to the fall of early great Bronze Age culture such as Hittites and Mycenea.
520s BC: Hasdrubal the Carthaginian with his brother Hamilcar, launches an expedition against Sardinia.
510 BC: Hamilcar takes power on Carthage.
509 BC: A treaty is signed between Carthage and Rome indicating a division of influence and commercial activities. This is the first know source indicating that Carthage had gained control over Sicily and Sardinia, as well as Emporia and the area south of Cape Bon in north Africa.
500 to 330 BC: The Archimedean Empire ruled in Mesopotamia and the Silk Road was in use.
483 BC: Carthage launches the First Sicilian War against Greece in an attempt to gain control of Sicily.
480 BC: Carthage suffers a disastrous loss at the Battle o Himera in which Hamilcar is killed, ending the First Sicilian War. Hanno II, also known as Hanno the Navigator, takes power. The Tribunal of 104 is established, severely weakening the power of kings. Carthage becomes a Republic.
~ to 400AD: duration of mound-building before major changes in Mississippian culture.
~ Hopeellian Tradition cultures such as: Copena, Crab Orchard, Goodall Focus, Havana Hopewell, LaurelComplex, Marksville, Point Peninsula Complex, Saugreen Complex, Swift Creek, etc. remained strong from before 4000 BC and began a rapid decline about 400 AD.
3000 BC: strong evidence in central North America of Early Woodland people.
~ to 1900 BC Tuatha De Danann in Ireland.
~ Sumerians arrive in Mesopotamia.
~ Irrigation began in Mesopotamia.
~ beginning just after 3000 BC, Sumerians began to make their mark in the Fertile Crescent and greatly affected the Akkadians and the Egyptians.
~ by this time the Irish had already become Irish.
~ strong evidence of early megalithic construction in Ireland.
~ according to Joe Sanders, regional archaeologist for the Division of Archaeology in Louisiana Dept. of Culture, by this date mound building was widespread in Louisiana, Mississippi, and Florida.
~ much evidence of widespread megalithic construction over most of Europe.
578 BC: Mago defeated at the battle of Cornion in southern Italy by the Syracusan army. Syracuse and Carthage make peace.
540 BC: A Carthaginian/Etruscan alliance had expelled the Greeks from Corsica after the Battle of Alalia.
535 BC to 500 BC: The sea battle of Alalia was fought near Alalia between Carthaginians and Etruscans.
534 BC to 523 BC: Was the time of Alexander the Great.
530 BC: Mago dies and Hasdrubal I takes over in Carthage. (conflict of dates)
529 BC: Alexander founded the city of Escate(Eschate) in Neb, now Tajikistan.
320 BC to 319 BC: Nial Segamain may have been a High King of Ireland during a portion of this period. His mother may have been Fildais of tuatha De Danann. In his kingship he was preceded by Conal Collamrach, whom he killed, and proceeded by Enna Aignech.